There’s a curious note in the part of Alfonso X’s General estoria (ca 1280s) where he’s listing the languages spoken by Japheth’s descendants, sensibly identified early on as Europeans by European bible scholars:
The Greeks have their own distinct one.
Those of Blanquia.
Those of Bulgaria have a different one.
The Comans, another.
Those of Slavonia.
Those of Bohemia, another.
Those of Poland, their own.
Those of Hungary, their own.
Those of Ireland, another.
Those of Scotland, their own.
Dacia, which they now call Denmark.
England. These have a language although they differ in some words and customs.
From the Americans, presumably.
- Leprous language mine/thine
“In contrast with Arabic words, the words of [Other Languages] appear lame, maimed, blind, deaf and leprous, and entirely bereft of
- Ya en los nidos de antaño no hay pájaros ocaño
An elderly Andalusian’s way of saying “this year” may constitute early warning of global (or at least Peninsular) cataclysm, perhaps a
- Alfonso XII, the lost king or a titty-crazed joker?
All you need to know about Nork-Town, Sandhurst.
- French regional and minority language policy
If you believe that Brussels is more than happy to see powerful member states neutralised by internal division–as is increasingly Spain’s
- Long live the prickly pear!
Death to the cochineal beetle and doom to the ecologists!