Now then! A Yorkshire Almanac for 2022

Yorkshire on this day, comprising (now) modern events in heaven and on earth, and (then) 149 entries (129,230 words) of tagged, customisable historical data relating to the last 6,000 years, quoted from 258 captivating historical sources. Brought to you free by Leeds’s Singing Organ-Grinder and sponsors. In progress - 2023 beta printed edition for sale late 2022.

Interactive Yorkshire bibliography

A major factor in source selection is proximity to the horse's mouth, but the spelling and punctuation of excerpts have to some extent been modernised.

Textual sources

  1. Abulafia, Anna Sapir. N.d. “William of Newburgh on the attack on the Jews of York in 1190.” In Jewish/non-Jewish relations: between exclusion and embrace. Edinburgh: University of Edinburgh. Read: Edinburgh University.
  2. Ackroyd, Peter. 2011. Foundation, vol. 1 of The history of England. London: Macmillan Publishers UK. Buy: Amazon/Blackwell's.
  3. Addy, Sidney Oldall. 1888. A glossary of words used in the neighbourhood of Sheffield. London: English Dialect Society/Trübner and Co. Read: Google Books.
  4. Alcuin. 1985. “The destruction of Lindisfarne.” In Poetry of the Carolingian Renaissance. Ed. Peter Godman. London: Gerald Duckworth. Buy: Amazon/Blackwell's.
  5. Anon. 1643. The rider of the white horse and his army, their late good success in Yorre-shiere [sic], or, A true and faithful relation of that famous and wonderful victory at Bradford, obtained by the club-men there, with all the circumstances thereof.: And of the taking of Leeds and Wakefield by the same men under the command of Sir Thomas Fairfax, with the manner and circumstances thereof from good hands. Seriously commended to the high court of Parliament, and all that are of God's side for their incouragement.. London: Thomas Underhill. Read: Early English Books Online.
  6. Anon. 1645. The great feast, at the inthronization of the reverend father in God, George Neavill Arch-Bishop of Yorke, Chancellour of England, in the sixt yeere of Edward the fourth. Wherein is manifested the great pride and vaine glory of that prelate. The copy of this feast was found inrolled in the Tower of London, and was taken out by Mr. Noy His Majesties late Atorney Generall. Ed. William Noy. London: Edward Husbands. Read: Early English Books Online.
  7. Anon. 1792. “New Year's Morning in Edinburgh.” In New Year's Morning in Edinburgh; and Auld Handsel in the country: two poems in the Scottish dialect, by the author of The Shepherd's Wedding. Edinburgh: Anon. Read: Google Books.
  8. Anon. 1811. Extraordinary life and character of Mary Bateman, the Yorkshire witch, traced from the earliest thefts of her infancy, through a most awful course of crimes and murders, till her execution at the New Drop, near the Castle of York, on Monday the twentieth of March, 1809. Leeds: Davies and Company. Read: Google Books.
  9. Anon. 1817. Further remarks on the theatre, occasioned by the awful death of Mr. Cummins, which took place at the play-house, in this town, on the evening of the 20th of June. Leeds: G. Wright. Read: Google Books.
  10. Anon. 1821. “A particular account of a most entertaining sale of a wife, who was sold to a brisk young gentleman at Smithfield, on the 20th of last month, for L9. 13s..” In A particular account of the trial and execution of Ann Barber, who was executed at York, on Monday the 18th August, 1821, convicted of the horrid murder of James Barber, her own husband, by poisoning him with white arsenic. Also, a particular account of an entertaining, merry and curious sale of a wife, who was sold to a brisk young gentleman at Smithfield, on the 20th of last month, for £9. 13s.. Place unknown: publisher unknown. Read: Google Books.
  11. Anon. 1821. “Execution of Ann Barber. With an Account of her awful and distressing situation at the place of Execution, where her shrieks and lamentations pierced the hearts of the largest multitude that ever assembled to witness a public Execution.” In A particular account of the trial and execution of Ann Barber, who was executed at York, on Monday the 18th August, 1821, convicted of the horrid murder of James Barber, her own husband, by poisoning him with white arsenic. Also, a particular account of an entertaining, merry and curious sale of a wife, who was sold to a brisk young gentleman at Smithfield, on the 20th of last month, for £9. 13s.. Place unknown: publisher unknown. Read: Google Books.
  12. Anon. 1823. The Saxon chronicle, with an English translation, and notes, critical and explanatory. Ed. James Ingram. London: Longman, Hurst, Rees, Orme, and Brown. Read: Google Books. [What we now call The Anglo-Saxon Chronicle]
  13. Anon. 1824. Extracts of letters and other writings of the Israelite Preachers, 1824-[26]. Place unknown: Anon. Read: Google Books.
  14. Anon. 1829. An account of the alarming and destructive fire in York Minster on February 2 1829 .. with a sketch of the life of Jonathan Martin, likewise his letters, his apprehension, examination, confession and committal to the city jail. York: R. Burdekin.
  15. Anon. 1832. The life of the Rev. Oliver Heywood, B.A., born 1629, died 1702. London: Religious Tract Society. Read: Google Books.
  16. Anon. 1852. “The first of April.” In Bentley's miscellany, vol. 31. Ed. Anon. London: Richard Bentley. Read: Google Books.
  17. Anon. 1855. “Railway accidents.” In The annual register, or, A view of the history and politics of the year 1854, vol. 96. London: F. and J. Rivington. Read: Google Books.
  18. Anon. 1867. The garrisons of Shropshire during the Civil War, 1642-1648. Shrewsbury: Leake and Evans. Read: Google Books.
  19. Anon. 1879-80 approx. Charles Peace, or, the adventures of a notorious burglar. London: George Purkess. Read:
  20. Anon. 1887. “Ashton Parish Church. — The Wakes at Lees-cum-Hey, Lydgate, .” In Local notes and gleanings: Oldham and neighbourhood in bygone times. Ed. Giles Shaw. Oldham: Oldham Express. Read:
  21. Anon. 1928. “The wandering boy.” In The revue, 1928. Linton, Indiana: The senior class of Linton High School. Read:
  22. Anon. 1930. “The saga of Ragnar Lodbrok.” In The saga of the Volsungs. The saga of Ragnar Lodbrok. Together with the lay of Kraka. Ed. Margaret Schlauch. New York: The American-Scandinavian Foundation. Read:
  23. Anon. 2006. Charles Piazzi Smyth. Sharow: St. John's Church, Sharow. Read:
  24. ApSimon, Arthur Massey. 2019. The foine startings of a life. Ed. Trevor ApSimon. London: SOG - unpublished.
  25. Armitage, Michael. 2001. The Great Flood at Sheffield - 1864. Sheffield: Michael Armitage. Read: Sheffield University.
  26. Ashton, John. 1888. Modern street ballads. London: Chatto and Windus. Read: Google Books. [Kevin Shay: When we think of folk ballads, we tend to think of familiar classics like those found in the Child collection: songs that have been adapted, performed, and memorized for centuries, handed down through the generations. But as browsing through Modern Street Ballads will remind you, for every timeless “Barbara Allen” there were dozens of topical ditties hastily composed and soon forgotten. And for good reason. Many of the ballads you’ll find here feature awkward diction, clumsy rhyme, and dubious scansion. Others deal with highly specific and ephemeral events or trends. And yet, tossed-off hack jobs though some of these pieces may be, all of them provide a fascinating glimpse into the daily concerns of the average British citizen of the period.]
  27. Ball, John. 1772. Odes, elegies, ballads, pictures, inscriptions, sonnets, partly taken from the Faded Flowers, a garland, not yet published; interspersed with several interesting particulars relative to antient Ireland. To which are prefixed, the Tears of the British Muse. Dublin: Thomas Ewing. Read: Google Books.
  28. Baring-Gould, Sabine. 1874. Yorkshire oddities, incidents and strange events, vol. 2. London: John Hodges. Read: Google Books.
  29. Basden, Henry. 1818. “The providence of God asserted.” In The Methodist magazine, vol. 41. London: Thomas Cordeux. Read: Google Books.
  30. Beaumont, John. 1800. Select hymns, odes, poems, and other choice pieces, proper to be sung in public worship. Set to music, by John Beaumont. Leeds: Binns and Brown. Read: Google Books.
  31. Beck, Ervin. 1983/07. “Children's Halloween customs in Sheffield.” In Lore and language, vol. 3. Ed. J.D.A. Widdowson. Sheffield: Department of English, University of Sheffield. Read: Memorial University of Newfoundland.
  32. Bede. 1998. Ecclesiastical History of the English Nation. Book II. Fordham University, New York: Internet Medieval Source Book. Read: Internet Medieval Sourcebook.
  33. Bell, Robert. 1857. “Fragment of the Hogmena song.” In Ancient poems, ballads and songs of the peasantry of England. London: John W. Parker and Son. Read: Google Books.
  34. Bennett, Alan. 1984. “What I did in 1983.” In London Review of Books, vol. 6. London: Nicholas Spice. Read: London Review of Books (£).
  35. Bennett, Alan. 2016 (1975). “Sunset across the bay.” In Me, I'm afraid of Virginia Woolf. London: Faber and Faber. Buy: Amazon/Blackwell's.
  36. Bennett, Paul. 2009. “Hutton Moor Henge, Dishforth, North Yorkshire.” In The Northern Antiquarian. Scotland: Megalithix. Read:
  37. Berkeley, George. 1744. The medicinal virtues of tar water fully explained. London: The proprietors of the Tar-Water Warehouse. Read: Google Books.
  38. Billam, Francis T. 1806. A walk through Leeds, or Stranger's guide to everything worth notice in that ancient and populous town; with an account of the woollen manufacture of the West-Riding of Yorkshire. Leeds: J.H. Leach. Read: Google Books.
  39. Blackerby, Samuel. 1689. An historical account of making the penal laws by the papists against the Protestants, and by the Protestants against the papists wherein the true ground and reason of making the laws is given, the papists most barbarous usuage of the Protestants here in England under a colour of law set forth, and the Reformation vindicated from the imputation of being cruel and bloody, unjustly cast upon it by those of the Romish Communion. London: William Churchill and John Weld. Read: Early English Books Online.
  40. Bradford, Eveleigh. 2012. “Frank Oates (1840–1875) FRGS: explorer and naturalist.” In The Thoresby Society. Leeds: The Thoresby Society. Read: The Thoresby Society.
  41. Bradley, Tom. 1889. The old coaching days in Yorkshire. Leeds: Yorkshire Conservative Newspaper Company (The Yorkshire Post). Read: Google Books.
  42. Brand, John. 1849. “Hagmena.” In Observations on the popular antiquities of Great Britain, vol. 1. Ed. Henry Ellis. London: Henry G. Bohn. Read: Google Books.
  43. Briggs, Willis G. 1907. “Joseph Gales, editor of Raleigh's first newspaper.” In The North Carolina booklet, vol. VII. Raleigh, North Carolina: North Carolina Daughters of the American Revolution. Read: North Carolina.
  44. Brooke, David. 1983. The railway navvy: "that despicable race of men". North Pomfret, Vermont: David and Charles. Read:
  45. Brooke, Michael. N.d. Sunset across the bay (1975). London: BBC. Read:
  46. Brooke-Taylor, Tim, Graham Chapman, John Cleese, and Marty Feldman. 1967. “Four Yorkshiremen.” In At last the 1948 show. Palo Alto, California: Issuu, Inc. Read: [Issuu publishes pirated content, so this may disappear.]
  47. Browne, Horace Baker. 1912. The story of the East Riding of Yorkshire. London: A. Brown and Sons. Read:
  48. Bulwer Lytton, Edward. 1891. Eugene Aram. Boston: Estes and Lauriat. Read:
  49. Calvin, John. 1844. Calvin's aphorisms and letter to Francis the First, in defence of the Reformation. Ed. "A graduate of Oxford University". London: Whittaker and Co. Read: Google Books.
  50. Camidge, William. 1886. York Savings' Bank: its history, formation, and growth. York: Yorkshire Gazette Office. Read: Google Books. [Camidge was at the time Secretary of the bank.]
  51. Cassius Dio, Lucius. 1927 (∼229). Roman history, vol. 77. London: Heinemann (Loeb Classical Library). Read: Bill Thayer's website.
  52. Chambers's Journal. 1861. “An unknown page in history.” In Chambers's Journal, vol. XV. London: W. and R. Chambers Publishers. Read: Google Books. [The Yorkshire militia massacres protestors at Hexham.]
  53. Children's Employment Commission. 1842. First Report of the Commissioners: Mines. London: Her Majesty's Stationery Office. Read: Google Books.
  54. Clarkson, Thomas. 1839. The history of the rise, progress and accomplishment of the abolition of the African slave-trade, by the British Parliament (1839). London: John W. Parker. Read:
  55. Clay, Rotha Mary. 1948. Julius Caesar Ibbetson, 1759-1817. London: Country Life.
  56. Cobbett, William. 1823. “Letter to Wilberforce, on the state of the cotton factory labourers, and on the speech of Andrew Ryding, who cut Horrocks with a cleaver.” In Cobbett's weekly political register, vol. 47. London: J.M. Cobbett. Read: Google Books.
  57. Cobbett, William. 1885. Rural rides .. during the years 1821 to 1832; with economical and political observations, vol. 2. Ed. Pitt Cobbett. London: Reeves and Turner. Read: Google Books.
  58. Cooper, Nick. 2017. City on fire: Kingston upon Hull 1939-45. Stroud, Gloucestershire: Amberley Publishing. Buy: Amazon/Blackwell's. Read: Google Books.
  59. Cottrell, Leonard. 1956. The mountains of Pharaoh: 2,000 years of pyramid exploration. London: Robert Hale.
  60. Cowper, William. 1899. “The winter evening.” In The Task and other poems. Ed. Henry Morley. London: Cassell and Company. Read:
  61. Cudworth, William. 1895. “Old Bradford lawyers: the Bentley family.” In The Bradford antiquary: the journal of the Bradford Historical and Antiquarian Society, vol. 2. Bradford: The Bradford Historical and Antiquarian Society. Read: Google Books.
  62. Dale, Bryan. 1909. Yorkshire Puritanism and early nonconformity. Illustrated by the lives of the ejected ministers, 1660 and 1662. Ed. T.G. Crippen. Bradford: Mr. Dale's literary executors. Read:
  63. Darrel, Sol. 1907. The chimney nook original almanac in the Yorkshire dialect. Leeds: W.S. Crosland.
  64. Davison Ingledew, C.J. 1860. The ballads and songs of Yorkshire, transcribed from private manuscripts, rare broadsides, and scarce publications; with notes and a glossary. London: Bell and Daldy. Read:
  65. Dawson, Tim. 2018. “Newly discovered photographs: Harrogate Cyclists’ Meet 1879 and 1880.” In Vintage Bicycle Blog. London: Vintage Bicycle Blog. Read: Vintage Bicycle Blog.
  66. Dawson, William Harbutt. 1882. History of Skipton. London: Simpkin, Marshall and Co. Read: Google Books.
  67. Dijkstra, Jelmer. 2013. Rulers of Jorvik: a critical examination of the contemporary, Anglo-Norman, and Scandinavian sources pertaining to the rulers of Anglo-Scandinavian York (MA thesis). Utrecht: University of Utrecht. Read: University of Utrecht.
  68. Dixon, James Henry. 1881. Chronicles and stories of the Craven Dales. London: Simpkin, Marshall and Co.
  69. Dixon, Richard Watson. 1885. History of the Church of England from the abolition of the Roman jurisdiction, vol. 3. London: George Routledge and Sons. Read: Google Books.
  70. Drake, Francis. 1736. Eboracum: or, the history and antiquities of the City of York. London: William Bowyer. Read: Google Books.
  71. Driver, Cecil. 1946. Tory radical: the life of Richard Oastler. New York: Oxford University Press. Read:
  72. Dugdale, William. 1846. Monasticon Anglicanum: a history of the abbies and other monasteries, hospitals, frieries, and cathedral and collegiate churches, with their dependencies, in England and Wales, vol. 3. London: James Bohn. Read: Google Books.
  73. Dyer, John. 1757. The fleece: a poem. London: R. and J. Dodsley. Read: Google Books.
  74. Ephraim of Bonn. N.d. “The York Massacre 1189-90.” In Internet Medieval Sourcebook. New York: Fordham University. Read: Internet Medieval Sourcebook.
  75. Fairfax, Thomas. 1699. Short memorials of Thomas Lord Fairfax written by himself. Ed. Brian Fairfax. London: Richard Chiswell. Read: Early English Books Online.
  76. Fairfax-Cholmeley, Hugh C. 1894. “Jottings from Easingwold.” In Folk-lore, a quarterly review of myth, tradition, institution, and custom, vol. 5. London: The Folk-lore Society. Read: Google Books.
  77. Fawcett, Joshua. 1852. "The flood came and took them all away", a sermon on the Holmfirth flood. London: Simpkin, Marshall and Co., Hall, Virtue and Co. Read: Google Books.
  78. Fletcher, Martin. 2015. Fifty-six: the story of the Bradford Fire. London: Bloomsbury Sport. Buy: Amazon/Blackwell's.
  79. Fox, George. 1765. A journal or historical account of the life, travels, sufferings, Christian experiences, and labour of love, in the work of the ministry, of that ancient, eminent, and faithful servant of Jesus Christ, George Fox. London: W. Richardson and S. Clark. Read: Google Books.
  80. Foxworthy, Tony. 2009. Customs in Yorkshire (Folklore of England: 2). Bakewell: Country Books.
  81. Fuller, Thomas. 1811. The history of the worthies of England, vol. 1. London: F.C. and J. Rivington. Read: Google Books.
  82. Geise, John. 1959. “What is a railway?” In Technology and Culture, vol. 1. Baltimore, Maryland: Johns Hopkins University Press/Society for the History of Technology. Read: JSTOR (£).
  83. Goram, Andy, and Iain King. 2010. The goalie: my story. London: Mainstream Publishing. Buy: Amazon/Blackwell's.
  84. Grace, Susan Elizabeth. 1998. Female criminality in York and Hull, 1830-1870. York: University of York. Read: York University.
  85. Green, Harry. 2021. Penny hedge: the ceremony of the horngarth or planting of the Penny Hedge. Whitby: Whitby Museum. Read: Whitby Museum.
  86. Green, Joseph J. 1909. “Captain Thomas Taylor, of Brighouse, Yorks.” In The journal of the Friends' Historical Society, vol. 6, no. 1. London: Headley Brothers. Read:
  87. Griffiths, Frances Mary, and Christine Lynch. 2009. Reflections on the Cottingley Fairies. Sheffield: JMJ Publications. Buy: Amazon/Blackwell's.
  88. HMG. 1798/08/14. The London gazette, vol. 15050. London: His Majesty's Government. Read:
  89. Hailstone, Edward. 1870. “Whitby.” In Notes and queries, vol. 5, Series 4. Ed. William Thoms. London: William Thoms. Read: Google Books.
  90. Halifax Express. 1836/10/29. “The water-mark on paper.” In The Times. London: The Times. Read: The Times (£).
  91. Hall, Edward. 1809 (1548). Hall's chronicle: containing the history of England, during the reign of Henry the Fourth, and the succeeding monarchs, to the end of the reign of Henry the Eighth, in which are particularly described the manners and customs of those periods. Carefully collated with the editions of 1548 and 1550. London: J. Johnson. Read:
  92. Hargrove, Ely. 1792. Anecdotes of archery; from the earliest ages to the year 1791. Including an account of the most famous archers of ancient and modern times; with some curious particulars in the life of Robert Fitz-Ooth, Earl of Huntington, vulgarly called Robin Hood. The present state of archery, with the different societies of Great Britain, particularly those of Yorkshire, Lancashire, and Durham. York: Ely Hargrove. Read: Google Books.
  93. Harris, P. Valentine. 1976. “The decline of the longbow.” In Journal of the Society of Archer-Antiquaries. Bucks?: The Society of Archer-Antiquaries. Read:
  94. Henning, Basil Duke. 1983. The House of Commons, 1660-1690, vol. 1, The history of Parliament. London: Secker and Warburg. Read: Google Books.
  95. Her Majesty's Government. 1843. “Eighth report of the Inspectors appointed under the Provisions of the Act 5 and 6 William IV. c. 38 to visit the different prisons of Great Britain.” In Reports from Commissioners, vol. 36. London: Her Majesty's Stationery Office. Read: Google Books.
  96. Heywood, Oliver. 1881. The Rev. Oliver Heywood, B.A., 1630-1702: his autobiography, diaries, anecdote and event books; illustrating the general and family history of Yorkshire and Lancashire, vol. 2. Ed. J. Horsfall Turner. Brighouse: A. B. Bayes. Read: Google Books.
  97. Heywood, Oliver. 1885. The Rev. Oliver Heywood, B.A., 1630-1702: his autobiography, diaries, anecdote and event books; illustrating the general and family history of Yorkshire and Lancashire, vol. 4. Ed. J. Horsfall Turner. Bingley: J. Horsfall Turner. Read: Google Books.
  98. Hickes, George. 1682. The moral shechinah: or a discourse of Gods Glory. In a sermon preached at the last Yorkshire-Feast in Bow-Church, London. June 11. 1682. London: Walter Kettilby. Read: Prisms.
  99. Hinton(?), John. 1787. “Historical chronicle for March [1787].” In The universal magazine of knowledge and pleasure, vol. 80. London: William Bent. Read: Google Books.
  100. His Majesty's Government. 1758. An act for establishing agreements made between Charles Brandling, Esquire, and other persons, proprietors of lands, for laying down a waggon-way, in order for the better supplying the town and neighbourhood of Leeds, in the county of York, with coals. London: His Majesty's Government. Read: Railways Archive.
  101. Holinshed, Raphael. 1808/1965. Chronicles (3 of 6): Historie of England (1 of 9). London/New York: J. Johnson et al/AMS Press Inc. Read:
  102. Hollingshead, John. 1874. “Musical prize fight.” In Miscellanies: stories and essays, vol. 2. London: Tinsley Brothers. Read: Google Books. [See also some marvellous modern illustrations by Bob Nicholson's mum!]
  103. Holmes, Frederick William. 1915. “The most critical day of all.” In Soldiers' stories of the war. Ed. Walter Wood. London: Chapman and Hall. Read:
  104. Holtby, Winifred. 1936. South Riding. London: Collins. Read:
  105. Hone, William. 1826. The every-day book, or, a guide to the year, vol. 1. London: William Tegg. Read: Google Books.
  106. Hone, William. 1827. The table book of daily recreation and information: concerning remarkable men, manners, times, seaons, solemnities, merry-makings, antiquities and novelties, forming a complete history of the year, vol. 1. London: William Tegg. Read: Google Books.
  107. Ibbetson, James. 1845. Directory of the Borough of Bradford. Bradford: J. Ibbetson. Read: Google Books.
  108. Ibbetson, Julius Caesar. 1828. An accidence, or gamut, of painting in oil. Ed. Bella Ibbetson, née Thompson, author of the introductory "Memoir of the author's life". London: Harvey and Darton. Read: Google Books. [Rotha Mary Clay p.98 credits the memoir to Bella.]
  109. James, John. 1866. The history of Bradford and its parish, with additions and continuation to the present time, vol. 1. London: Longmans, Green, Reader, and Dyer. Read: Google Books.
  110. John Rushworth. 1692. Historical collections of private passages of state, part 3 (1640-4), vol. 1. London: Richard Chiswell and Thomas Cockerill. Read: Google Books.
  111. Kelly, Michael. 1826. Reminiscences of Michael Kelly, of the King's Theatre and Theatre Royal, Drury Lane, including a period of nearly half a century; with original anecdotes of many distinguished persons, political, literary, and musical. New York: J. and J. Harper. Read: Google Books.
  112. Kidson, Frank. 1891. Traditional tunes: a collection of ballad airs, chiefly obtained in Yorkshire and the south of Scotland; together with their appropriate words from broadsides and from oral tradition. Oxford: Chas. Taphouse and Son. Read: Google Books.
  113. Knight, Stephen, and Thomas H. Ohlgren. 1997. “The Jolly Pinder of Wakefield: Introduction.” In Robin Hood and other outlaw tales. Santa Barbara, California: English Department, UCSB. Read: EBBA.
  114. Knipe, William. 1867. Criminal chronology of York Castle, with a register of criminals capitally convicted and executed at the county assizes, commencing March 1st, 1379, to the present time. York: C.L. Burdekin. Read: Google Books. [Amateurish invention, but a popular source for modern sensationalists, e.g. Summer Strevens in York murder and crime.]
  115. Leader, Robert Eadon. 1876. Reminiscences of old Sheffield, its streets and its people. Sheffield: Leader and Sons. Read: Google Books.
  116. Leatham, William Henry. 1843. Emilia Monteiro, a ballad of the Old Hall, Heath. Also The Widow and the Earl, a ballad of Sharlston Hall. London: Longman, Brown, Green, and Longmans. Read: Google Books.
  117. Leeds Library and Information Services. n.d. Leeds Steel Works, Lupton Street, Balm Road. Leeds: Leeds Library and Information Services. Read: Leeds City Council.
  118. Leeds Mercury contributor. 1932/05/02. “Official report on Hull land deals.” In Leeds Mercury. Leeds: Yorkshire Conservative Newspaper Company Limited. [Has anyone got a better scan, or the original enquiry report by Thorpe?]
  119. Lindley, Keith J. 1972. “The impact of the 1641 rebellion upon England and Wales, 1641-5.” In Irish Historical Studies, vol. 18. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Read: JSTOR (£).
  120. Lister, Joseph. 1842. The autobiography of Joseph Lister, of Bradford in Yorkshire, to which is added a contemporary account of the defence of Bradford and capture of Leeds by the Parliamentarians in 1642. Ed. Thomas Wright. London: John Russell Smith. Read: Google Books.
  121. London Bicycle Club Gazette contributor. 1881. “To Yorkshire and back, and what I saw there.” In London Bicycle Club Gazette, vol. 4. London: Darling and Son. Read: Google Books.
  122. Lynseys. 2016. “VC winner Frederick Holmes.” In Doncaster 1914-18: at home, at war. Doncaster: Heritage Doncaster. Read: Doncaster 1914-18.
  123. Marshall, William. 1788. The rural economy of Yorkshire, comprizing the management of landed estates, and the present practice of husbandry in the agricultural districts of that county, vol. 2. London: T. Cadell. Read: Google Books.
  124. Marvell, Andrew. 1665. The character of Holland. London: Printed by T. Mabb for Robert Horn. Read: Early English Books Online.
  125. Mayhall, John. 1860. The annals and history of Leeds, and other places in the County of York, from the earliest period to the present time. Leeds: Joseph Johnson. Read: Google Books.
  126. Milbourn. Late C17th/2021. “The Jolly Pinder of Wakefield; with Robin Hood, Scarlet, and Iohn.” In English Broadside Ballad Archive. London/Santa Barbara, California: Alex. Milbourn/English Department, UCSB. Read: EBBA.
  127. Milton, John. 1890. “The present means and brief delineation of a free commonwealth, easy to be put in practice, and without delay. In a letter to General Monk.” In The prose works of John Milton, vol. 2. Ed. James Augustus St. John. London: George Bell and Sons. Read: Google Books.
  128. Moorman, Frederic William. 1916. Yorkshire dialect poems (1673-1915) and traditional poems. London: Sidgwick and Jackson Ltd. Read: CORE.
  129. Morrison, Blake. 1985. “The ballad of the Yorkshire Ripper.” In London Review of Books, vol. 7. London: Nicholas Spice. Read: London Review of Books (£).
  130. Mulholland, Greg. 2014. Jimmy and Harriot. Leeds: Aireborough Historical Society. Read: Aireborough Historical Society.
  131. Mulroy, Ron. N.d. “The Benedictines at Heath.” In Wakefield Historical Society. Wakefield: Wakefield Historical Society. Read: Wakefield Historical Society.
  132. Newburgh, William of. 1856. “The history of William of Newburgh.” In The church historians of England, vol. 4. EdOops London: Seeleys. Read: Google Books.
  133. Nicholson, John. 1876. The poetical works of John Nicholson (The Airedale Poet); carefully ed. from the original editions, with additional notes and a sketch of his life and writings. Ed. W.G. Hird. London/Bradford: Simpkin, Marshall, and Co./Thomas Brear. Read: Google Books.
  134. Nickson, Chris. 2014. Leeds, motorway city of the seventies. Leeds: The Big Book End. Read:
  135. OED contributors. 2021. “Hogmanay.” In Oxford English Dictionary. Oxford: Oxford University Press. Read: Oxford English Dictionary.
  136. Ottaway, Patrick. 2013. Roman Yorkshire: people, culture, landscape. Pickering: The Blackthorn Press. Buy: Amazon/Blackwell's.
  137. Parsons, Edward. 1834. The civil, ecclesiastical, literary, commercial, and miscellaneous history of Leeds, Halifax, Huddersfield, Bradford, Wakefield, Dewsbury, Otley and the manufacturing district of Yorkshire, vol. 1. Leeds: Frederick Hobson. Read: Google Books.
  138. Parsons, Edward. 1834. The civil, ecclesiastical, literary, commercial, and miscellaneous history of Leeds, Halifax, Huddersfield, Bradford, Wakefield, Dewsbury, Otley and the manufacturing district of Yorkshire, vol. 2. Leeds: Frederick Hobson. Read: Google Books.
  139. Pearce. 1840. The mummers' act; or, morris dancers' annual play of St. George. Sheffield: J. Pearce and Son. Read: Folk Play Research.
  140. Pearson, Richard. 1813. The battles of Talavera, Salamanca, Vittoria, and the Pyrenees, with other poems. London: Thomas Malden. Read: Google Books.
  141. Peel, Frank. 1968. The risings of the Luddites, Chartists and Plug-Drawers. London: Frank Cass and Co.
  142. Piazzi Smyth, Charles. 1874. Our inheritance in the Great Pyramid. London: W. Isbister.
  143. Plutarch. 1914. “The life of Lycurgus (Loeb Classical Library).” In Lives, vol. 1: Theseus and Romulus, Lycurgus and Numa, Solon and Publicola. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press. Read: Bill Thayer's website.
  144. Potts, Thomas. 1845. Potts's discovery of witches in the county of Lancaster, reprinted from the original edition of 1613. Ed. James Crossley. Manchester: The Chetham Society. Read:
  145. Pounder, Robert. 2015. The notebooks of Robert Pounder. Ed. Ann Alexander. Leeds: The Thoresby Society. Buy: Amazon/Blackwell's. [The Thoresby Society: Robert Pounder (1811-1857) was a self-educated Leeds artisan whose two notebooks record not only family information, but also the effect on his life of many of the great events of his time. In the 1830s he took part in the great marches to York and Bradford in support of Richard Oastler’s Ten Hour campaign, as we know from a letter in Oastler’s Fleet Papers. The notebooks record that about the same time he acted as secretary of the handle setters’ trade union, and he was subsequently a sympathetic observer of the Plug Riots. He demonstrated his Chartist loyalties by collecting the Northern Star’s engraved portraits of some of the leaders of the movement. In the early 1840s he renewed his support of Oastler, when ‘the Factory King’ was imprisoned for debt, helping to collect money for his hero’s release and riding to Brighouse station in the cold and dark to greet him on his return to Yorkshire. Like Oastler, Pounder abhorred the New Poor Law of 1834, loathing and fearing the workhouses (or ‘bastilles’) which were to be erected for the indigent; he himself was dependent on poor relief in the winter of 1842-43, when both he and his wife were ill; his wife died the following summer. At this period of sorrow and hardship he had support from his Methodist faith and from the church members. In his widowhood he wrote a great deal of verse, mainly relating closely to his circumstances, expressing his despair at human wickedness and his consciousness of sin and of the fragility of life, but also his joy in the beauties of nature and his love of his family.]
  146. Powell, Foster, and Anon. 1774. “An account of the great walkers of ancient and modern times, concluding with a detail of the late astonishing performance of Mr. Foster Powell to York, and back again in six days, signed by his own hand.” In The town and country magazine; or Universal repository of knowledge, instruction, and entertainment, vol. 5. London: Archibald Hamilton. Read: Google Books.
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  148. Prestwich, Joseph. 1852. “On some of the effects of the Holmfirth Flood.” In Quarterly Journal of the Geological Society of London, vol. 8. London: Longman, Brown, Green, and Longmans. Read: Google Books.
  149. Priestley, J.B. 1929. The good companions. London: William Heinemann. Buy: Amazon. Read:
  150. Pry, Paul. 1835. The London joke-book: or new bon-mot miscellany. London: John Weston. Read: Google Books. [Enjoyable but misleading: for example, the anecdote about Miss Wilberforce on election night in York seems unlikely, as his eldest daughter was only six or seven in 1806.]
  151. Purvis, J.S. 1948. Tudor parish documents of the Diocese of York. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Read: Google Books.
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  153. Rappaport, Erika. 2013/10. “Sacred and useful pleasures: the temperance tea party and the creation of a sober consumer culture in Early Industrial Britain.” In Journal of British Studies, vol. 52, no. 4. Cambridge, England: Cambridge University Press. Read: JSTOR (£).
  154. Rayner, Simeon. 1887. The history and antiquities of Pudsey. Ed. William Smith. London: Longmans, Green and Co. Read: Google Books.
  155. Renshaw, Winifred M. 1984. An ordinary life: memories of a Balby childhood. Doncaster: Doncaster Library Service. Buy: Amazon/Blackwell's. [Delightfully informative, deserves a new POD/ebook edition.]
  156. Reresby, John. 1875. The memoirs of Sir John Reresby of Thrybergh, Bart., M.P. for York, . Ed. James J. Cartwright. London: Longmans, Green, and Company. Read: Google Books.
  157. Ritson, Joseph. 1885. Robin Hood: a collection of all the ancient poems, songs, and ballads, now extant relative to that celebrated English outlaw: to which are prefixed historical anecdotes of his life. London: John C. Nimmo. Read:
  158. Roberts, Israel. 1984. Israel Roberts, 1827-1881: autobiography. Ed. Ruth Strong. Place unknown: Wesley Historical Society, Yorkshire Branch.
  159. Roberts, Jane. 2019. “Coal mining children: “I’ve heard I shall go to heaven if I’m a good girl”.” In PastToPresentGenealogy. Batley: Jane Roberts. Read: PastToPresentGenealogy.
  160. Robinson, Charles. 1853. “Holmfirth Flood. A poem, on the hair-breadth escapes.” In Holmfirth Flood: two poems. Huddersfield: G. and J. Brook. Read: Google Books.
  161. Robinson, Charles. 1853. “Poetry on the Holmfirth Flood, occasioned by the bursting of the Bilberry Reservoir, which occurred on the morning of Thursday, February 5th, 1852.” In Holmfirth Flood: two poems. Huddersfield: G. and J. Brook. Read: Google Books.
  162. Roe, Martin. 2008. Middleton Park community archaeological survey: report commissioned by the Friends of Middleton Park, vol. 1. Halifax: Meerstone Archaeological Consultancy. Read:
  163. Roger of Wendover. 1841 (1220s-30s?). Chronica siue flores historiarum, vol. I. Ed. Henry O. Coxe. London: English Historical Society. Read:
  164. Roger of Wendover. 1849 (1220s-30s). Roger of Wendover's Flowers of History, comprising the history of England from the descent of the Saxons to A.D. 1235, vol. I. Ed. J.A. Giles. London: Henry G. Bohn. Read: Google Books.
  165. Rogers, Jane. 2011. Mr Wroe's virgins. London: Abacus. Buy: Amazon/Blackwell's.
  166. Sanderson, William. 1656. A compleat history of the lives and reigns of Mary, Queen of Scotland, and of her son and successor, James the Sixth, King of Scotland, and (after Queen Elizabeth) King of Great Britain, France and Ireland, the First, (of ever blessed memory). London: Humphrey Moseley, Richard Tomlins, and George Sawbridge. Read: Google Books.
  167. Schroeder, Henry. 1851. The annals of Yorkshire from the earliest period to the present time, vol. 1. Leeds: Crosby and Co. Read: Google Books.
  168. Scott, Walter. 1888 (1808). Marmion: a tale of Flodden Field. London: Cassell and Company. Read:
  169. Sefton, Andrew. N.d. “Cock fighting.” In Pocklington history. Pocklington: Andrew Sefton. Read:
  170. Shakespeare, William. 1899 (1596-1599). Henry IV, Part 2. London: George Bell and Sons. Read:
  171. Sheardown, William. 1873. Records and family notices of military and naval officers .. connected with Doncaster and its neighbourhood. Doncaster: Doncaster Gazette. Read: Google Books.
  172. Skelton, John. 1568. “Skelton Laureate against the Scottes.” In Pithy pleasaunt and profitable workes of maister Skelton, Poete Laureate. Nowe collected and newly published. Ed. John Stow. London: Thomas Marshe. Read: Early English Books Online.
  173. Slingsby, Henry, and Daniel Parsons. 1836. The diary of Sir Henry Slingsby of Scriven, Bart., now first published entire from the MS; a reprint of Sir Henry Slingsby's trial, his rare tract, "A father's legacy," written in the Tower immediately before his death, and extracts from family correspondence and papers, with notices, and a genealogical memoir. London: Longman, Rees, Orme, Brown, Green, and Longman. Read: Google Books.
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  175. Smith, John Gordon. 1824. The principles of forensic medicine, systematically arranged, and applied to British practice. London: Thomas and George Underwood. Read: Google Books.
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  177. Speight, Harry. 1900. Upper Wharfedale: being a complete account of the history, antiquities and scenery of the picturesque valley of the Wharfe, from Otley to Langstrothdale. London: Elliott Stock. Read:
  178. Spenser, Edmund. 1908/2010. “Prosopopoia: or Mother Hubberds tale.” In The complete poetical works. Boston and New York/New York: Houghton Mifflin Co./Bartleby. Read: Bartleby.
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  180. Stansfield, Margaret. 2014. Huddersfield's roll of honour: 1914-1922. Ed. Paul Wilcock. Huddersfield: University of Huddersfield Press. Buy: Amazon/Blackwell's. Read:
  181. Stavert, William James. 1912. The parish register of Burnsall-in-Craven. Missing portions recovered from the transcripts at York; together with the more antient inscriptions on monuments in the Church and Churchyard. Entries of the marriages of Burnsall folk in other registers, and such as refer to them in Paver's Licences. Some notes of the rectors and other clergy who have ministered in the parish, vol. 3. Skipton: Craven Herald. Read:
  182. Steenstrup, Johannes Christoffer Hagemann Reinhardt. 1878. Vikingetogene mod vest i det 9de aarhundrede, vol. 2 of Normannerne. Copenhagen: Rudolph Klein. Read: Google Books.
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  187. Stock, Gwynne. 2012. An evaluation of Quaker burial practices (summary). Ed. Rebecca Wynter. Place unknown: Unpublished. Read:
  188. Stocqueler, Joachim Hayward. 1852. The life of Field Marshal the Duke of Wellington, vol. 1. London: Ingram, Cooke, and Co. Read: Google Books.
  189. Strype, John. 1821. The history of the life and acts of the most Reverend Father in God, Edmund Grindal, the first Bishop of London, and the second Archbishop of York and Canterbury successively, in the reign of Queen Elizabeth, vol. 1. Oxford: Clarendon Press. Read: Google Books.
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  192. Taylor, Richard Vickerman. 1883. Anecdotæ Eborancenses. Yorkshire anecdotes; or, Remarkable incidents in the lives of celebrated Yorkshire men and women, vol. 1. London: Whittaker. Read: Google Books.
  193. Thackrah, Charles Turner. 1821. An introductory discourse, delivered to the Leeds Philosophical and Literary Society, April 6, 1821. Leeds: The Leeds Philosophical and Literary Society. Read: Google Books.
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  198. The Times. 1864/03/16. The calamity at Sheffield. London: The Times. Read: The Times (£).
  199. The Times. 1891/01/05. The accident to children at Leeds. London: The Times. Read: The Times (£).
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  201. Thoresby, Ralph. 1715. Ducatus Leodiensis, or, the topography of the ancient and populous town and parish of Leeds, and parts adjacent in the West-Riding of the County of York. With the pedigrees of many of the nobility and gentry, and other matters relating to those parts. London: Maurice Atkins. Read: Google Books.
  202. Thoresby, Ralph. 1830. The diary of Ralph Thoresby, F.R.S., author of the topography of Leeds (1677-1724), vol. 1. Ed. Joseph Hunter. London: Henry Colburn and Richard Bentley. Read: Google Books.
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  204. Thorpe, Thomas. 1843. Manuscripts, upon papyrus, vellum, and paper, in various languages. A catalogue of a most valuable collection, recently purchased... London: Thomas Thorpe, booksellers. Read: Google Books.
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  208. Tomlinson, William Weaver. 1915. The North Eastern Railway: its rise and development. Newcastle-upon-Tyne: Andrew Reid and Company. Read:
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  211. Ussher, James. 1658. The annals of the world deduced from the origin of time, and continued to the beginning of the Emperour Vespasians reign, and the totall destruction and abolition of the temple and common-wealth of the Jews: containing the historie of the Old and New Testament, with that of the Macchabees, also the most memorable affairs of Asia and Egypt, and the rise of the empire of the Roman Caesars under C. Julius, and Octavianus: collected from all history, as well sacred, as prophane, and methodically digested. London: E. Tyler. Read: Early English Books Online.
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  214. Vaughan, Rita. 2020. Guided tour of St George’s Churchyard, Mossley: life stories of some of the people of Mossley. Mossley: Mossley Parish Council. Read: A Church Near You.
  215. Venning, Barry. 1985. “Turner's whaling subjects.” In The Burlington Magazine, vol. 127, no. 983. London: Burlington Magazine Publications Ltd. Read: JSTOR (£).
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  221. Watson, Eric R. 1913. Eugene Aram: his life and trial. Edinburgh and London: William Hodge and Company. Read: [Superb analysis by a barrister of a subject still mainly known from the work of mythologically-inclined half-wits. ]
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  225. White, Walter. 1861. A month in Yorkshire. London: Chapman and Hall. Read: [The best of White's travel writing, in which, as usual, he encounters the Plain People and dscovers what they're up to. From the golden age of walking, when there were good roads pretty much everywhere which hadn't yet been made inaccessible to pedestrians by cars.]
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  245. Williamson, Dan. 2016. “The last Battle of Britain.” In These football times. London: The Guardian. Read: These Football Times.
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  249. Wroe, John. 1834. Divine communications and prophecies given to John Wroe from the beginning of the year 1823 to the end of 1832, with accounts of fulfilments of many of the prophecies, and of his travels during that period; also, an account of his life and prophecies previous to that period. Wakefield: George Meredith. Read: Google Books.
  250. Wroe, John. 1851. An abridgement of John Wroe's life and travels; also, revelations on the scriptures, and various communications, given to him by divine inspiration, from the conclusion of 1822, to the conclusion of 1834, likewise, several prophecies, with their fulfilment, previous to and during the above period [visions transcribed by friends], vol. 1. Gravesend: B.A. Wroe. Read: Google Books.
  251. Yeadon, John. 2021. The journal of John Yeadon (1764-1843), with a commentary by his direct descendant, David Kitchen. Ed. David Kitchen. Norfolk: David Kitchen. Buy: Amazon. Read: The Journal of John Yeadon. [The journal contains some marvellous material, and I would very much like to see it in its entirety.]
  252. York Courant. 1822. “Soldier dead from flogging.” In Cobbett's weekly political register, vol. 43. London: C. Clement. Read: Google Books.
  253. Z. 1824/08/21. “Artistical scraps.” In Somerset House gazette, and literary museum, or, weekly miscellany of fine arts, antiquities, and literary chit-chat, vol. 2. London: W. Wetton. Read: Google Books.

Visual sources

Pending a small code rewrite: most of these are currently included, either above or not at all!

  1. Anon. 1918. In memoriam John Dunnett. France. Source: The First World War Poetry Digital Archive.
  2. Barr, Solomon. 1840. Dead weight. Place unknown. Source: Wellcome Collection.
  3. Bella, Stefano della. 1645-8ish. Death on the battlefield. Place unknown. Source: British Museum.
  4. Turner, Joseph Mallord William. 1846. Whalers (boiling blubber) entangled in flaw ice, endeavouring to extricate themselves. London. Source: Tate.
  5. Ward, John. 1840ish. Northern Whale Fishery: portraits of the Swan, one of the vessels so long frozen up in the Arctic regions, and the Isabella, formerly commanded by Captain Ross when on discovery and afterwards commanded by Captain Humphreys at the time he rescued that distinguished navigator. London. Source: National Gallery of Art.



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