Now then! A Yorkshire Almanac for 2022

Yorkshire on this day, comprising (now!) modern events in heaven and on earth, and (then!) 340 entries (221,042 words) of tagged, customisable historical data relating to the last 6,000 years, quoted from 548 more-or-less contemporaneous accounts. Brought to you free by Leeds’s Singing Organ-Grinder and benefactors. In progress - 2023 beta printed edition for sale late 2022. Musical presentations with street organ!

Interactive Yorkshire bibliography

Every effort is being made during this initial, development phase to trace copyright holders and obtain permission to reproduce material. Please do get in touch with any enquiries or any information relating to sources or their rights holders.

Textual sources

In order to facilitate reading by all, the spelling and punctuation of elderly excerpts (but not their titles) have been modernised to some degree, and distracting excision scars generally concealed. Most of the older material is online and linked, and I encourage you to take a look for yourself. Although I incline more to Leeds sources, generally speaking inequalities in representation here show the working of a most equal Providence: Puritans wrote more than Anglicans, men more than women, lesbians more than straights, and there's only so much I can do about that.

  1. A Friend. 1835. “Article III. Burying in woollen enforced. Burial fees.” In The Yorkshireman, a religious and literary journal, vol. 3. Pontefract: C. Elcock. Source: Google Books.

  2. Abulafia, Anna Sapir. N.d. “William of Newburgh on the attack on the Jews of York in 1190.” In Jewish/non-Jewish relations: between exclusion and embrace. Edinburgh: University of Edinburgh. Source: Edinburgh University.

  3. Ackroyd, Peter. 2011. Foundation, vol. 1 of The history of England. London: Macmillan Publishers UK. Buy: Amazon / Blackwell’s

  4. Addy, Sidney Oldall. 1888. A glossary of words used in the neighbourhood of Sheffield. London: English Dialect Society/Trübner and Co. Source: Google Books.

  5. Aikman, Charles Morton. 1894. Manures and the principles of manuring. Edinburgh: William Blackwood and Sons. Source: Google Books.

  6. Alcuin. 1985. “The destruction of Lindisfarne.” In Poetry of the Carolingian Renaissance. Ed. Peter Godman. London: Gerald Duckworth. Buy: Amazon / Blackwell’s

  7. Allen, Thomas. 1828. A new and complete history of the county of York, vol. 3. London: I.T. Hinton. Source: Google Books.

  8. Andrews, Abimelech. 1982. Abimelech Andrews book. Pudsey: Pudsey Civic Society. Buy: Pudsey and District Civic Society Diary 1843-74 of a Farsley cloth manufacturer, gives insights into local life, mentions some national incidents.

  9. Andrews, William. 1883. Curious epitaphs collected from the graveyards of Great Britain and Ireland. Hull: Charles Henry Barnwell. Source: Gutenberg.org.

  10. Anon. 1643. The rider of the white horse and his army, their late good success in Yorre-shiere, or, A true and faithful relation of that famous and wonderful victory at Bradford, obtained by the club-men there, with all the circumstances thereof.: And of the taking of Leeds and Wakefield by the same men under the command of Sir Thomas Fairfax, with the manner and circumstances thereof from good hands. Seriously commended to the high court of Parliament, and all that are of God’s side for their incouragement. London: Thomas Underhill. Source: Early English Books Online.

  11. Anon. 1685. A true relation of the dreadful combat between More of More-Hall, and the Dragon of Wantley. London: Randal Taylor. Source: EBBA.

  12. Anon. 1723. “An excellent ballad of a most dreadful combat, fought between Moore of Moore Hall, and the Dragon of Wantley.” In A collection of old ballads. Corrected from the best and most ancient copies extant. With introductions historical, critical, or humorous. London: J. Roberts. Source: Google Books.

  13. Anon. 1792. “New Year’s Morning in Edinburgh.” In New Year’s Morning in Edinburgh; and Auld Handsel in the country: two poems in the Scottish dialect, by the author of The Shepherd’s Wedding. Edinburgh: Anon. Source: Google Books.

  14. Anon. 1811. Extraordinary life and character of Mary Bateman, the Yorkshire witch, traced from the earliest thefts of her infancy, through a most awful course of crimes and murders, till her execution at the New Drop, near the Castle of York, on Monday the twentieth of March, 1809. Leeds: Davies and Company. Source: Google Books.

  15. Anon. 1817. Further remarks on the theatre, occasioned by the awful death of Mr. Cummins, which took place at the play-house, in this town, on the evening of the 20th of June. Leeds: G. Wright. Source: Google Books.

  16. Anon. 1821. “A particular account of a most entertaining sale of a wife, who was sold to a brisk young gentleman at Smithfield, on the 20th of last month, for L9. 13s..” In A particular account of the trial and execution of Ann Barber, who was executed at York, on Monday the 18th August, 1821, convicted of the horrid murder of James Barber, her own husband, by poisoning him with white arsenic. Also, a particular account of an entertaining, merry and curious sale of a wife, who was sold to a brisk young gentleman at Smithfield, on the 20th of last month, for £9. 13s.. N.p.: n.p. Source: Google Books.

  17. Anon. 1821. “Execution of Ann Barber. With an account of her awful and distressing situation at the place of execution, where her shrieks and lamentations pierced the hearts of the largest multitude that ever assembled to witness a public execution.” In A particular account of the trial and execution of Ann Barber, who was executed at York, on Monday the 18th August, 1821, convicted of the horrid murder of James Barber, her own husband, by poisoning him with white arsenic. Also, a particular account of an entertaining, merry and curious sale of a wife, who was sold to a brisk young gentleman at Smithfield, on the 20th of last month, for £9. 13s. N.p.: n.p. Source: Google Books.

  18. Anon. 1823/05/17. “War and commerce.” In The Yorkshire observer. Bradford: n.p. Source: Google Books.

  19. Anon. 1824. Extracts of letters and other writings of the Israelite Preachers, 1824-[26]. N.p.: n.p. Source: Google Books.

  20. Anon. 1832/03. “The climax of cemeteries.” In Fraser’s magazine for town and country, vol. 5. London: James Fraser. Source: Google Books.

  21. Anon. 1832. The life of the Rev. Oliver Heywood, B.A., born 1629, died 1702. London: Religious Tract Society. Source: Google Books.

  22. Anon. 1852. “The first of April.” In Bentley’s miscellany, vol. 31. London: Richard Bentley. Source: Google Books.

  23. Anon. 1855. “Railway accidents.” In The annual register, or, A view of the history and politics of the year 1854, vol. 96. London: F. and J. Rivington. Source: Google Books.

  24. Anon. 1867. The garrisons of Shropshire during the Civil War, 1642-1648. Shrewsbury: Leake and Evans. Source: Google Books.

  25. Anon. 1879-80 approx. Charles Peace, or, the adventures of a notorious burglar. London: George Purkess. Source: Gutenberg.org.

  26. Anon. 1928. “The wandering boy.” In The revue, 1928. Linton, Indiana: The senior class of Linton High School. Source: Linton Public Library.

  27. Anon. 2006. Charles Piazzi Smyth. Sharow: St. John’s Church, Sharow. Source: Archive.org.

  28. ApSimon, Arthur Massey. 2019. The foine startings of a life. Ed. Trevor ApSimon. N.p.: unpublished.

  29. Armitage, Michael. 2001. The Great Flood at Sheffield – 1864. Sheffield: Michael Armitage. Source: Sheffield University.

  30. Arrell, Douglas H. 2012. “King Lear at Gowthwaite Hall.” In Medieval , vol. 25. New Jersey: Rosemont Publishing and Printing Corp DBA Associated University Presses. Source: JSTOR.

  31. Ashe, Simeon, and William Goode. 1644. Number 5. A continuation of true intelligence from the English and Scottish forces in the North, for the service of the King and Parliament, and now beleaguring York, from the 16th of June, to Wednesday the 10th of July, 1644. London: Thomas Underhill.

  32. Ashton, John. 1888. Modern street ballads. London: Chatto and Windus. Source: Google Books. Kevin Shay: When we think of folk ballads, we tend to think of familiar classics like those found in the Child collection: songs that have been adapted, performed, and memorized for centuries, handed down through the generations. But as browsing through Modern Street Ballads will remind you, for every timeless “Barbara Allen” there were dozens of topical ditties hastily composed and soon forgotten. And for good reason. Many of the ballads you’ll find here feature awkward diction, clumsy rhyme, and dubious scansion. Others deal with highly specific and ephemeral events or trends. And yet, tossed-off hack jobs though some of these pieces may be, all of them provide a fascinating glimpse into the daily concerns of the average British citizen of the period.

  33. Bainbridge, Oliver. 1916. John Strange Winter: a volume of personal record. London: East and West. Source: Archive.org.

  34. Ball, John. 1772. Odes, elegies, ballads, pictures, inscriptions, sonnets, partly taken from the Faded Flowers, a garland, not yet published; interspersed with several interesting particulars relative to antient Ireland. To which are prefixed, the Tears of the British Muse. Dublin: Thomas Ewing. Source: Google Books.

  35. Baring-Gould, Sabine. 1874. “Job Senior, the hermit of Rumbold’s Moor.” In Yorkshire oddities, incidents and strange events, vol. 2. London: John Hodges. Source: Google Books.

  36. Baring-Gould, Sabine. 1874. “Jonathan Martin, the incendiary of York Minster.” In Yorkshire oddities, incidents and strange events, vol. 2. London: John Hodges. Source: Google Books.

  37. Baron, Richard. 1768. The Pillars of Priestcraft and Orthodoxy Shaken, vol. 3. London: Mr. Cadell. Source: Google Books.

  38. Basden, Henry. 1818. “The providence of God asserted.” In The Methodist magazine, vol. 41. London: Thomas Cordeux. Source: Google Books.

  39. Bates, Denise. 2012/10/03. “The scandal of female miners in 19th-century Britain.” In History Extra. London: Immediate Media Company. Source: History Extra.

  40. Bates, Denise. 2015. Pit Lasses research – Halifax area. Online: Denise Bates. Source: Denise Bates.

  41. Bearman, Robert. 2005. “John Shakespeare: a Papist or just penniless?” In Shakespeare quarterly, vol. 56, no. 4. Oxford: Oxford University Press. Source: JSTOR.

  42. Beaumont, John. 1800. Select hymns, odes, poems, and other choice pieces, proper to be sung in public worship. Set to music, by John Beaumont. Leeds: Binns and Brown. Source: Google Books.

  43. Beck, Ervin. 1983/07. “Children’s Halloween customs in Sheffield.” In Lore and language, vol. 3. Ed. J.D.A. Widdowson. Sheffield: Department of English, University of Sheffield. Source: Memorial University of Newfoundland.

  44. Bede. 1998. Ecclesiastical History of the English Nation. Book II. Fordham University, New York: Internet Medieval Source Book. Source: Internet Medieval Sourcebook.

  45. Behrendt, Stephen. D., A.J.H. Latham, and David Northrup. 2010. The diary of Antera Duke: an eighteenth-century African slave trader. New York: Oxford University Press. Source: Archive.org. The original text of the diary plus a modern, annotated rendering and scholarly chapters on the larger trading networks and Old Calabar society.

  46. Bell, John Henry. 1881/06/11. “On woolsorters’ disease.” In British Medical Journal. London: n.p. Source: National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine.

  47. Bell, Robert. 1857. “Fragment of the Hogmena song.” In Ancient poems, ballads and songs of the peasantry of England. London: John W. Parker and Son. Source: Google Books.

  48. Bennett, Alan. 1984. “What I did in 1983.” In London Review of Books, vol. 6. London: Nicholas Spice. Source: London Review of Books.

  49. Bennett, Alan. 2014. Writing home. London: Faber and Faber. Buy: Amazon / Blackwell’s

  50. Bennett, Alan. 2016 (1975). “Sunset across the bay.” In Me, I’m afraid of Virginia Woolf. London: Faber and Faber. Buy: Amazon / Blackwell’s

  51. Bennett, Paul. 2009. “Hutton Moor Henge, Dishforth, North Yorkshire.” In The Northern Antiquarian. Scotland: Megalithix. Source: The Northern Antiquarian.

  52. Bense, Johan Frederik. 1924. The Anglo-Dutch relations from the earliest times to the death of William the Third, being an historical introduction to a dictionary of the Low-Dutch element in the English vocabulary [doctoral dissertation]. The Hague: Martinus Nijhoff. Source: Digitale Bibliotheek voor de Nederlandse Letteren.

  53. Berger, Susanna. 2013. ““When sobriety and taste were cast to the winds”: a study of George Walter Thornbury’s The Life of J.M.W. Turner, R.A..” In British art journal, vol. 13, no. 3. N.p.: Art Journals Ltd (UK). Source: Academia.

  54. Berkeley, George. 1744. The medicinal virtues of tar water fully explained. London: The proprietors of the Tar-Water Warehouse. Source: Google Books.

  55. Bernard, Richard. 1629. The Bible-battells. Or The sacred art military For the rightly wageing of warre according to Holy Writ. Compiled for the vse of all such valiant worthies, and vertuously valerous souldiers, as vpon all iust occasions be ready to affront the enemies of God, our king, and country. London: Edward Blackmore. Source: Early English Books Online.

  56. Bibby, John. 2022. A York chronicle, 1815-1914. In preparation.

  57. Bill. 2014/05/20. “Samuel Waite and the byelaws.” In Woodhouse Moor Online. Online: n.p. Source: https://woodhousemooronline.com/samuel-waite-the-bylaws/.

  58. Bill. 2020/10/04. “The allotments.” In Woodhouse Moor Online. Online: n.p. Source: https://woodhousemooronline.com/the-allotments/.

  59. Billam, Francis T. 1806. A walk through Leeds, or Stranger’s guide to everything worth notice in that ancient and populous town; with an account of the woollen manufacture of the West-Riding of Yorkshire. Leeds: J.H. Leach. Source: Google Books.

  60. Biondi, Giovanni Francesco. 1641. An history of the civill vvares of England betweene the two Houses of Lancaster and Yorke the originall whereof is set downe in the life of Richard the Second, their proceedings, in the lives of Henry the Fourth, the Fifth, and Sixth, Edward the Fourth and Fifth, Richard the Third, and Henry the Seventh, in whose dayes they had a happy period. London: John Benson. Source: Early English Books Online.

  61. Black, Helen C. 1893. Notable women authors of the day: biographical sketches. N.p.: David Bryce and Son. Source: Google Books.

  62. Blackerby, Samuel. 1689. An historical account of making the penal laws by the papists against the Protestants, and by the Protestants against the papists wherein the true ground and reason of making the laws is given, the papists most barbarous usuage of the Protestants here in England under a colour of law set forth, and the Reformation vindicated from the imputation of being cruel and bloody, unjustly cast upon it by those of the Romish Communion. London: William Churchill and John Weld. Source: Early English Books Online.

  63. Bls. 2007/12/23. “O Virgo Virginum.” In Chantblog. Online: n.p. Source: Chantblog.

  64. Boddy, G.W. 1976. “Players of interludes in North Yorkshire in the early seventeenth century.” In North Yorkshire County Record Office Journal, vol. 3. Northallerton: North Yorkshire County Council.

  65. Booth, Roy. 2011. “Richard Dugdale, the Surey demoniac, 1695.” In Early Modern Whale. Reading: Roy Booth. Source: Early Modern Whale.

  66. Bouckley, Jack. 2003. “York Cemetery.” In Pteridologist, vol. 4, part 2. Online: British Pteridological Society. Source: British Pteridological Society.

  67. Bradford Observer. 1881/05/31. “The woolsorters’ disease.” In Dundee Courier. Dundee: Dundee Courier.

  68. Bradford, Eveleigh. 2012. “Frank Oates (1840–1875) FRGS: explorer and naturalist.” In The Thoresby Society. Leeds: The Thoresby Society. Source: The Thoresby Society.

  69. Bradley, Tom. 1889. The old coaching days in Yorkshire. Leeds: Yorkshire Conservative Newspaper Company (The Yorkshire Post). Source: Google Books.

  70. Brand, John. 1849. “Hagmena.” In Observations on the popular antiquities of Great Britain, vol. 1. Ed. Henry Ellis. London: Henry G. Bohn. Source: Google Books.

  71. Brewer, J.S., ed. 1920. Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, vol. 1, 1509-1514. London: HMSO. Source: British History Online.

  72. Briggs, Willis G. 1907. “Joseph Gales, editor of Raleigh’s first newspaper.” In The North Carolina booklet, vol. VII. Raleigh, North Carolina: North Carolina Daughters of the American Revolution. Source: North Carolina.

  73. Brontë, Charlotte. 1995. The letters of Charlotte Brontë, vol. 1, 1829-1847. Ed. Margaret Smith. Oxford: Clarendon Press.

  74. Brontë, Charlotte. 1995. The letters of Charlotte Brontë, vol. 2, 1848-1851. Ed. Margaret Smith. Oxford: Clarendon Press.

  75. Brooke, David. 1983. The railway navvy: “that despicable race of men”. North Pomfret, Vermont: David and Charles. Source: Archive.org.

  76. Brooke, Michael. N.d. Sunset across the bay (1975). London: BBC. Source: BFI Screenonline.

  77. Brooke, Rupert. 1915/04. “The soldier.” In Poetry: a magazine of verse. Chicago: Harriet Monroe. Source: Poetry Foundation.

  78. Brooke-Taylor, Tim, Graham Chapman, John Cleese, and Marty Feldman. 1967. “Four Yorkshiremen.” In At last the 1948 show. Palo Alto, California: Issuu, Inc. Source: Issuu.com. Issuu publishes pirated content, so this may disappear.

  79. Browne, Horace Baker. 1912. The story of the East Riding of Yorkshire. London: A. Brown and Sons. Source: Gutenberg.org.

  80. Bulmer, T. 1892. History, topography and directory of East Yorkshire (with Hull). Preston: T. Bulmer.

  81. Bulwer Lytton, Edward. 1891. Eugene Aram. Boston: Estes and Lauriat. Source: Gutenberg.org.

  82. Burton, Robert. 1638. The anatomie of melancholy. London: Henry Cripps. Source: Google Books.

  83. Butterworth, William. 1823. Three years adventures, of a minor, in England, Africa, the West Indies, South-Carolina and Georgia. Leeds: Edward Baines. Source: Google Books. The 15-year-old son of a Leeds engraver (not Schroeder!) runs away on the slaver Hudibras, crosses the Middle Passage with slaves, and has extraordinary experiences with other trading ships in the Caribbean and on the United States’ Atlantic seaboard, mixing with enslaved and free blacks, sailors and soldiers of various nations, alligators and Indians. A brilliant story, brilliantly told, bur rarely mentioned, for reasons hard to fathom.

  84. Calverley, Walter. 1886. “Memorandum book of Sir Walter Calverley, Bart..” In Yorkshire diaries and autobiographies in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries. Ed. Samuel Margerison. Durham: The Surtees Society. Source: Google Books.

  85. Calvin, John. 1844. Calvin’s aphorisms and letter to Francis the First, in defence of the Reformation. Ed. “A graduate of Oxford University”. London: Whittaker and Co. Source: Google Books.

  86. Cameron, W.S. 1881. “A famous election contest.” In Old Yorkshire. Ed. William Smith. London: Longmans, Green, and Co. Source: Archive.org.

  87. Camidge, William. 1886. York Savings’ Bank: its history, formation, and growth. York: Yorkshire Gazette Office. Source: Google Books. Camidge was at the time Secretary of the bank.

  88. Cannon, Richard. 1849. Historical record of the Seventieth, or the Surrey Regiment of Foot. Containing an account of the formation of the regiment in 1758, and of its subsequent services to 1848. London: Parker, Furnivall, and Parker. Source: Archive.org.

  89. Carey, Henry, and John Frederick Lampe. 1762. The Dragon of Wantley, a burlesque opera. London: Ann Shuckburgh. Source: Google Books.

  90. Carrington, F.A., and J.R. Marshman. 1872. “The Queen vs Joseph Holdsworth and Francis Maude, Esquires.” In Reports of cases argued and ruled at nisi prius, in the courts of Queen’s Bench, Common Pleas, and Exchequer, together with cases tried on the circuits and in the Central Criminal Court: from Easter Term, 4 Vict., to Hilary Term, 6 Vict.. Philadelphia: T. and J.W. Johnson. Source: Google Books.

  91. Cassius Dio, Lucius. 1927 (∼229). Roman history, vol. 77. London: Heinemann (Loeb Classical Library). Source: Bill Thayer’s website.

  92. Cawley, Arthur C., ed. 1958. The Wakefield pageants in the Towneley cycle. Manchester: Manchester University Press. Buy: Amazon / Blackwell’s

  93. Cawley, Arthur C., and Jean Forrester. 1988. “References to the Corpus Christi Play in the Wakefield Burgess Court Rolls: the originals rediscovered.” In Leeds Studies in English, vol. 19. Leeds: University of Leeds. Source: University of Leeds.

  94. Chambers’s Journal. 1861. “An unknown page in history.” In Chambers’s Journal, vol. XV. London: W. and R. Chambers Publishers. Source: Google Books. The Yorkshire militia massacres protestors at Hexham.

  95. Channer, Hugh Watson. 1945. “Minden roses.” In Journal of the Royal United Services Institution, vol. 90(559). London: Royal United Services Institution. Source: Taylor and Francis Online.

  96. Charlton, Lionel. 1779. The history of Whitby, and of Whitby abbey. Collected from the original records of the abbey, and from other memoirs never before made public. York: A. Ward.

  97. Children’s Employment Commission. 1842. First Report of the Commissioners: Mines. London: HMSO. Source: Google Books.

  98. Cholmley, Hugh. 1870. . N.p.: n.p. Source: Google Books.

  99. Choma, Anne. 1994/05. Anne Lister and the split self (1791-1840): a critical study of her diaries (MA thesis). Leeds: University of Leeds. Source: Anne Lister Birthday Week.

  100. Christie’s. 2002. Autograph letter signed “J.R.R. Tolkien” to Nancy Smith. Oxford, “Christmas Day” 1963. Online: Christie’s. Source: Christie’s. Buy: Amazon / Blackwell’s

  101. Clarkson, Thomas. 1839. The history of the rise, progress and accomplishment of the abolition of the African slave-trade, by the British Parliament (1839). London: John W. Parker. Source: Gutenberg.org.

  102. Clay, John William, ed. 1912. Yorkshire monasteries. Suppression papers. London: Yorkshire Archaeological Society. Source: HathiTrust.

  103. Clay, Rotha Mary. 1948. Julius Caesar Ibbetson, 1759-1817. London: Country Life.

  104. Cobbett, William. 1823. “Letter to Wilberforce, on the state of the cotton factory labourers, and on the speech of Andrew Ryding, who cut Horrocks with a cleaver.” In Cobbett’s weekly political register, vol. 47. London: J.M. Cobbett. Source: Google Books.

  105. Cobbett, William. 1885. Rural rides .. during the years 1821 to 1832; with economical and political observations, vol. 2. Ed. Pitt Cobbett. London: Reeves and Turner. Source: Google Books.

  106. Colgrave, Bertram. 1985. The life of Bishop Wilfrid by Eddius Stephanus. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Source: Archive.org.

  107. Collins, Wilkie. 1862. No name, vol. 1. London: Sampson Low, Son, and Co. Source: Google Books. Originally serialised by Charles Dickens in All the year round.

  108. Cooper, Nick. 2017. City on fire: Kingston upon Hull 1939-45. Stroud, Gloucestershire: Amberley Publishing. Source: Google Books. Buy: Amazon / Blackwell’s

  109. Cottrell, Leonard. 1956. The mountains of Pharaoh: 2,000 years of pyramid exploration. London: Robert Hale.

  110. Cowper, William. 1899. “The winter evening.” In The Task and other poems. Ed. Henry Morley. London: Cassell and Company. Source: Gutenberg.org.

  111. Cox, Thomas. 1879. A popular history of the Grammar School of Queen Elizabeth, at Heath, near Halifax. Halifax: F. King. Source: Google Books.

  112. Cross, Matt. 2018/05/16. “What does the future hold for Ilkley Moor without grouse shooting?” In Shooting Times. N.p.: n.p. Source: ShootingUK.

  113. Crouch, Nathaniel. 1728. Admirable curiosities, rarities, and wonders in Great Britain, and Ireland. Illustrated with pictures of many notable passages. By Robert Burton. London: A. Bettesworth and J. Batley. Source: Google Books.

  114. Crump, William Bunting, and Gertrude Ghorbal. 1935. History of the Huddersfield woollen industry. Huddersfield: Tolson Memorial Museum.

  115. Cudworth, William. 1889. Life and correspondence of Abraham Sharp, the Yorkshire mathematician and astronomer, and assistant of Flamsteed; with memorials of his family, and associated families. London: Sampson Low, Marston, Searle and Rivington. Source: Google Books.

  116. Cudworth, William. 1895. “Old Bradford lawyers: the Bentley family.” In The Bradford antiquary: the journal of the Bradford Historical and Antiquarian Society, vol. 2. Bradford: The Bradford Historical and Antiquarian Society. Source: Google Books.

  117. Cullingford, Alison. 2011/01/04. “Making knowledge work: the Charter.” In 100 Objects
    from Special Collections at the University of Bradford
    . Bradford: University of Bradford. Source: https://100objectsbradford.wordpress.com/2011/01/04/1-the-charter-making-knowledge-work/.

  118. Dahhaoui, Yann. 2006. “Voyages d’un prélat festif: un « évêque des Innocents » dans son évêché.” In Revue historique, vol. 639, no. 3. Paris: Presses universitaires de France. Source: https://doi.org/10.3917/rhis.063.0677.

  119. Dale, Bryan. 1909. Yorkshire Puritanism and early nonconformity. Illustrated by the lives of the ejected ministers, 1660 and 1662. Ed. T.G. Crippen. Bradford: Mr. Dale’s literary executors. Source: Archive.org.

  120. Daniel, Robert W. 2022/02/15. “Cry havoc or sing: battle songs of the British Civil Wars (1).” In IJBS blog series 2022. Online: The International John Bunyan Society.

  121. Darrel, Sol. 1909. The chimney nook: original almanac in the Yorkshire dialect. Leeds: W.S. Crosland.

  122. Davies, Dan. 2014. In plain sight: the life and lies of Jimmy Savile. London: Quercus. Buy: Amazon / Blackwell’s

  123. Davies, H. Neville, ed. 2002. At vacant hours: poems by Thomas St. Nicholas and his family. Birmingham: Birmingham University Press. Source: Google Books.

  124. Davies, Robert. 1868. A memoir of the York press, with notices of authors, printers, and stationers, in the sixteenth, seventeenth, and eighteenth centuries. London: Nichols and Sons. Source: Google Books.

  125. Davis, Peter. 2019. “The bear in the museum.” In The bear: culture, nature, heritage. Ed. Owen T. Nevin. Woodbridge, Suffolk: Boydell Press. Buy: Amazon / Blackwell’s

  126. Davis, Ralph. 2017. The rise of the English shipping industry in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries. Liverpool: Liverpool University Press. Source: Google Books. Reprint of the 1962 edition.

  127. Davison Ingledew, C.J. 1860. The ballads and songs of Yorkshire, transcribed from private manuscripts, rare broadsides, and scarce publications; with notes and a glossary. London: Bell and Daldy. Source: Gutenberg.org.

  128. Dawson, Tim. 2018. “Newly discovered photographs: Harrogate Cyclists’ Meet 1879 and 1880.” In Vintage Bicycle Blog. London: Vintage Bicycle Blog. Source: Vintage Bicycle Blog.

  129. Dawson, William Harbutt. 1882. History of Skipton. London: Simpkin, Marshall and Co. Source: Google Books.

  130. Defoe, Daniel. 1748. A tour thro’ the whole island of Great Britain, vol. 3. London: S. Birt et al. Source: Google Books.

  131. Delius, Clare. 1935. Frederick Delius: memories of my brother. London: Ivor Nicholson. Source: Archive.org. Clare Edith Black, née Delius, is said to have been 1866-1954.

  132. Dering, Heneage. 1877. “Autobiographical memoranda.” In Yorkshire diaries and autobiographies in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries. Ed. Charles Jackson. Durham: The Surtees Society. Source: Google Books. Dean of Ripon etc., but focussed on London etc., so nothing of interest.

  133. Dijkstra, Jelmer. 2013. Rulers of Jorvik: a critical examination of the contemporary, Anglo-Norman, and Scandinavian sources pertaining to the rulers of Anglo-Scandinavian York (MA thesis). Utrecht: University of Utrecht. Source: University of Utrecht.

  134. Dixon, James Henry. 1881. Chronicles and stories of the Craven Dales. London: Simpkin, Marshall and Co.

  135. Dixon, Richard Watson. 1885. History of the Church of England from the abolition of the Roman jurisdiction, vol. 3. London: George Routledge and Sons. Source: Google Books.

  136. Downing, Rob. 2019. A short history of flooding in Fishlake. Fishlake: Fishlake History Society. Source: Fishlake History Society.

  137. Doyle, Francis Hastings Charles. 1887. “The quick march of the fourteenth regiment.” In Reminiscences and opinions of Sir Francis Hastings Doyle, 1813-1885. New York: D. Appleton. Source: Google Books.

  138. Drake, Francis. 1736. Eboracum: or, the history and antiquities of the City of York. London: William Bowyer. Source: Google Books.

  139. Driver, Cecil Herbert. 1946. Tory radical: the life of Richard Oastler. New York: Oxford University Press. Source: Archive.org.

  140. Dublin Observer contributor. 1832/02/26. “[An errant bovid].” In Dublin observer. Dublin: n.p.

  141. Dugdale, William. 1662. The history of imbanking and drayning of divers fenns and marshes, both in forein parts and in this kingdom, and of the improvements thereby extracted from records, manuscripts, and other authentick testimonies. London: Alice Warren. Source: Early English Books Online.

  142. Dugdale, William. 1846. Monasticon Anglicanum: a history of the abbies and other monasteries, hospitals, frieries, and cathedral and collegiate churches, with their dependencies, in England and Wales, vol. 3. London: James Bohn. Source: Google Books.

  143. Dyer, John. 1757. The fleece: a poem. London: R. and J. Dodsley. Source: Google Books.

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  416. Taylor, Richard Vickerman. 1875. The ecclesiæ Leodienses, or, Historical and architectural sketches of the churches of Leeds and neighbourhood, (within a radius of about ten miles). London: Simpkin, Marshall, and Company. Source: Google Books.

  417. Taylor, Richard Vickerman. 1883. Anecdotæ Eborancenses. Yorkshire anecdotes; or, Remarkable incidents in the lives of celebrated Yorkshire men and women, vol. 1. London: Whittaker. Source: Google Books.

  418. Taylor, Zachary. 1697. The Surey impostor: being an answer to a late fanatical pamphlet, entituled The Surey demoniack. London: John Jones and Ephraim Johnson. Source: Wellcome Collection.

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  426. The Times. 1843/12/08. “Liberation of Mr. Oastler. Meeting in Leeds.” In The Times. London: The Times. Source: The Times.

  427. The Times. 1849/05/11. “Shocking death at York.” In The Times. London: The Times.

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  436. Thoresby, Ralph. 1715. Ducatus Leodiensis, or, the topography of the ancient and populous town and parish of Leeds, and parts adjacent in the West-Riding of the County of York. With the pedigrees of many of the nobility and gentry, and other matters relating to those parts. London: Maurice Atkins. Source: Google Books.

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  454. Ussher, James. 1658. The annals of the world deduced from the origin of time, and continued to the beginning of the Emperour Vespasians reign, and the totall destruction and abolition of the temple and common-wealth of the Jews: containing the historie of the Old and New Testament, with that of the Macchabees, also the most memorable affairs of Asia and Egypt, and the rise of the empire of the Roman Caesars under C. Julius, and Octavianus: collected from all history, as well sacred, as prophane, and methodically digested. London: E. Tyler. Source: Early English Books Online.

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  466. Watson, Eric R. 1913. Eugene Aram: his life and trial. Edinburgh and London: William Hodge and Company. Source: Archive.org. Superb analysis of a life still mainly known from the work of fantasists.

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  472. White, Walter. 1861. A month in Yorkshire. London: Chapman and Hall. Source: Gutenberg.org. The best of White’s travel writing, in which, as usual, he encounters and investigates the Plain People. This is the golden age of walking, when there were good roads pretty much everywhere, and they hadn’t yet been made inaccessible to pedestrians by cars. His July is told in 31 chapters, which seem to refer to the days of the month.

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  476. Wiener, Martin J. 2001. “Alice Arden to Bill Sikes: changing nightmares of intimate violence in England, 1558-1869.” In Journal of British Studies, vol. 40, no. 2. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press for The North American Conference on British Studies. Source: JSTOR.

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  494. Wilkinson, Tate. 1795. The wandering patentee, or, a history of the Yorkshire theatres, from 1770 to the present time: interspersed with anecdotes respecting most of the performers in the three kingdoms, from 1765 to 1795, vol. 1 and 2. York: Wilson, Spence, and Mawman for the author. Source: Google Books. Charming rambles.

  495. Williamson, Dan. 2016. “The last Battle of Britain.” In These football times. London: The Guardian. Source: These Football Times.

  496. Willis, Sam. 2021/04/26. “Freed from the ice: the last entry of the logbook of the whaler Swan.” In The mariner’s mirror podcast. London: The Society for Nautical Research. Source: https://snr.org.uk/the-mariners-mirror-podcast/freed-from-the-ice-the-last-entry-of-the-logbook-of-the-whaler-swan/.

  497. Winskill, Peter Turner. 1891. The temperance movement and its workers: a record of social, moral, political, and religious progress, vol. 1. London: Blackie and Son. Source: Google Books.

  498. Wood, Hutton, ed. 1798. “Goodwin, D.D. against Wortley; et è contra.” In A collection of decrees by the Court of Exchequer in tithe-causes: from the usurpation to the present time [1650-1798], vol. 2. London: Bunney, Thompson, and Company. Source: Google Books.

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  500. Wriothesley, Charles. 1875. A chronicle of England during the reigns of the Tudors, from A.D. 1485 to 1559, vol. 1. Ed. William Douglas Hamilton. London: Camden Society. Source: Archive.org.

  501. Wroe, John. 1834. Divine communications and prophecies given to John Wroe from the beginning of the year 1823 to the end of 1832, with accounts of fulfilments of many of the prophecies, and of his travels during that period; also, an account of his life and prophecies previous to that period. Wakefield: George Meredith. Source: Google Books.

  502. Wroe, John. 1851. An abridgement of John Wroe’s life and travels; also, revelations on the scriptures, and various communications, given to him by divine inspiration, from the conclusion of 1822, to the conclusion of 1834, likewise, several prophecies, with their fulfilment, previous to and during the above period [visions transcribed by friends], vol. 1. Gravesend: B.A. Wroe. Source: Google Books.

  503. Yelland, Charles. 1988. Dulcie Yelland, 1907-1987: a socialist of our times. Leeds: Gipton History Group. I’d like to talk to the rights holders with a view to including several excerpts here – it’s a splendid little book. Review: https://www.marxists.org/history/etol/revhist/backiss/vol2/no1/yelland.html

  504. York Courant contributor. 1834/03/11. “Marriage forbidden.” In York Courant. York: n.p.

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  507. York Herald. 1840/03/21. “Sentences of death.” In York Herald. York: York Herald.

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  509. Young, Arthur. 1771. A six months’ tour through the north of England. Containing an account of the present state of agriculture, manufactures and population, in several counties of this kingdom, vol. 2. London: W. Strahan. Source: Google Books.

  510. Young, George. 1817. A history of Whitby, and Streoneshalh Abbey: with a statistical survey of the vicinity to the distance of twenty-five miles, vol. 2. Whitby: Clark and Medd. Source: Google Books. P878 ff. on popular customs and superstitions unused.

  511. Z. 1824/08/21. “Artistical scraps.” In Somerset House gazette, and literary museum, or, weekly miscellany of fine arts, antiquities, and literary chit-chat, vol. 2. London: W. Wetton. Source: Google Books.

Visual sources

Pending a small code rewrite: most of these are currently included, either above or not at all!

  1. Anon. 1697. “The Surey imposter.” In Zachary Taylor, The Surey impostor: being an answer to a late fanatical pamphlet, entituled The Surey demoniack. London: John Jones and Ephraim Johnson. Source: Wellcome Collection.

  2. Anon. 1723. “[More of More Hall terminates the Dragon of Wantley].” In A collection of old ballads. Corrected from the best and most ancient copies extant. With introductions historical, critical, or humorous. London: J. Roberts. Source: Google Books.

  3. Anon. 1820. “Thomas Brown, a valiant soldier at Dettingen.” In James Caulfield, Portraits, memoirs, and characters, of remarkable persons, from the Revolution in 1688 to the end of the reign of George II. Collected from the most authentic accounts extant, vol. 3. London: T.H. Whitely. Source: Google Books. Copied from Louis Philippe Boitard’s engraving.

  4. Anon. 1842. “Hurrier (p. 51).” In The condition and treatment of the children employed in the mines and collieries of the United Kingdom. Carefully compiled from the appendix to the first report of the Commissioners. With copious extracts from the evidence, and illustrative engravings. London: William Strange. Source: https://www.bl.uk/collection-items/report-on-child-labour-1842.

  5. Anon. 1864. “[Walter l’Espec pledges himself to William Earl of Albemarle before the Battle of the Standard].” In A chronicle of England, B.C. 55-A.D. 1485. N.p.: n.p. Source: /product/james-e-doyle-a-chronicle-of-england-b-c-55-a-d-1485-1864/.

  6. Anon. 1918. In memoriam John Dunnett. France: n.p. Source: First World War Poetry Digital Archive.

  7. Anon. Date?. The beheading of Charles I outside the Banqueting Hall of Whitehall in 1649. N.p.: n.p. Source: Wellcome Collection.

  8. ApSimon, Trevor. 2022. Detail of the “Local faces, local talent” panel of the Leeds Tapestry, showing Diana Rigg in the front row, replacing Jimmy Savile. Leeds: n.p.

  9. Barr, Solomon. 1840. Dead weight. N.p.: n.p. Source: Wellcome Collection.

  10. Beem, Alf van. 2014. Oude domino’s. N.p.: n.p. Source: Wikimedia.

  11. Bella, Stefano della. 1645-8ish. Death on the battlefield. N.p.: n.p. Source: British Museum.

  12. Booer, William Joseph. 1887. “[The Pudsey pudding].” In Simeon Rayner, The history and antiquities of Pudsey. Ed. William Smith. London: Longmans, Green and Co. Source: Google Books.

  13. Dent, William. 1793/01/25. Hell broke loose, or, The murder of Louis, vide, the account of that unfortunate monarch’s execution. London: James Aitken. Source: Library of Congress.

  14. Doyle, Arthur Conan. 1923. “[William Hope’s double exposure of the Tweedales and Mrs’ (deceased) father, Frank Burnett, together with an unedited photo of the latter].” In The case for spirit photography. With corroborative evidence by experienced researchers and photographers. New York: George H. Doran Company. Source: Gutenberg.org.

  15. Eccles, Pauline. 1976. Construction work on the Humber Bridge. Online: Geograph. Source: Geograph.

  16. Green, Tim. 2010. Tower and telephone box, Marygate, York. Online: n.p. Source: Wikipedia.

  17. Hermann Walter Photo Studio. 1918. Exhibition stand of a Nuremberg doll manufacturer in the Drei Könige exhibition centre, Leipzig. Leipzig: n.p. Source: Wikimedia.

  18. Herring Sr.(?), John Frederick. 1852(?). The great match. London(?): n.p. Source: The Old Print Shop.

  19. Le Petit Journal. 1910/09/11. “Un sonneur de cloches foudroyé.” In Le Petit Journal. Paris: n.p.

  20. Leeds City Transport Department. 1959. Seat reservation on last tram. Leeds: Leeds Corporation. Source: https://twitter.com/LeedsCivicTrust/status/1457281222049247233.

  21. Lons, Dirk Eversen. 1642. Een pinck ofte zeeboot (Een pink, 1642: Tien verschillende Hollandse typen binnenvaartschepen). Northern Netherlands: Pieter Goos. Source: https://www.rijksmuseum.nl/nl/collectie/RP-P-1926-219.

  22. Ouless, Philip John. 1852. The Royal Yacht Fairy with Queen Victoria on board, making her way through ships of the fleet anchored in Spithead. N.p.: Wikipedia.

  23. Peace, Mike. 1983. “The effects of a one megaton groundburst nuclear bomb at the Town Hall.” In Leeds and the bomb. Ed. Bryan North. Leeds: Leeds City Council. Source: Royal Observer Corps Association.

  24. Petrie, Jennifer. 2019. Rabbit in St Mary’s Beverley the inspiration for White Rabbit in Alice in Wonderland. Online: Geograph. Source: Geograph.

  25. Rembrandt. 1632. The abduction of Europa. Amsterdam: n.p. Source: Getty.

  26. SanchoPanzaXXI. 1994. Heraldic shield of La Acebeda, Madrid. N.p.: n.p. Source: Wikipedia.

  27. Stevenson, Mark. 2018. Betsy Sawyer Memorial Stone, Yeadon Methodist Church, Chapel Hill, Yeadon, Leeds. Online: Geograph. Source: Geograph.

  28. Stopford, ?. 1879. “Old Heath School, north view.” In Thomas Cox, A popular history of the Grammar School of Queen Elizabeth, at Heath, near Halifax. Halifax: F. King. Source: Google Books.

  29. Turner, Joseph Mallord William. 1846. Whalers (boiling blubber) entangled in flaw ice, endeavouring to extricate themselves. London: n.p. Source: Tate.

  30. Walker, George. 1814. “Alum works.” In George Walker, The costume of Yorkshire. London: Bensley. Source: Rawpixel.

  31. Walker, George. 1814. “Farmers.” In George Walker, The costume of Yorkshire. London: Bensley. Source: Rawpixel.

  32. Walker, George. 1814. “Nor and spell.” In George Walker, The costume of Yorkshire. London: Bensley. Source: Rawpixel.

  33. Walker, George. 1814. “The collier.” In George Walker, The costume of Yorkshire. London: Bensley. Source: Rawpixel.

  34. Ward, John. 1840ish. Northern Whale Fishery: portraits of the Swan, one of the vessels so long frozen up in the Arctic regions, and the Isabella, formerly commanded by Captain Ross when on discovery and afterwards commanded by Captain Humphreys at the time he rescued that distinguished navigator. London: n.p. Source: National Gallery of Art.

  35. Wilson, Alexander. 1821. Rush bearing at Long Millgate, Manchester. Manchester: n.p. Source: Sphinx Fine Art.

  36. [English School]. 1706/7. Julia Calverley. Daughter of Sir William Blackett. Wallington Hall: National Trust. Source: https://www.nationaltrustcollections.org.uk/object/584383.

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