Reuters: “Thirteen pages in Napoleon’s own hand, describing the triumphs and defeats–military and political–of the diminutive military genius at the dawn of the 19th century, went to a Swiss collector for 250,000 euros [at auction] on Tuesday. The memoirs reveal what numerous corrections and a vivacious writing style could not disguise — that the commander of Grande Armee that subdued most of continental Europe had a less than total command of the French language. The Corsican’s spelling was atrocious… ‘I am dying before my time, murdered by the English oligarchy and their hired assassin. The English people will not delay in avenging me.'” He’s right in a kind of twisted way: we can’t write French either.
- More evidence of increasing popularity of Spanish in Europe
And a quick trawl of Spanish collections of phonetic equivalents, the closest many of the natives get to learning a foreign
- How the Swiss saved Spain
Far from welcoming Napoleon as a liberator from the evil Bourbons, Catalan irregulars inflicted some of the most significant and discouraging
- Napoleon II’s Pulcinella toy & the Empire’s collapse
A tragic gallery dealing with 1832: contemporary/posterior mise-en-scène? Plus images of Napoleon as Polichinelle.
- Wanted: 150-year-old palmist
I think I can show that the term guiri is traceable to Semitic roots, and I will do at some stage,
- Siege of Barcelona by the French in 1697
From the Swedish Military Archive, this purports to show Vendôme at the head of some 32,000 troops bombarding Barcelona in the